In ancient times the land area now known as modern Iraq was almost equivalent to Mesopotamia, the land between the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates, This region is known as the Cradle of Civilization, it was the birthplace of the varied civilizations that moved us from prehistory to history. An advanced civilization flourished in this region long before that of Egypt, Greece and Rome


"9000-5000 BC. Early farming communities"
Beginning cultivation of wheat and domestication of dogs and sheep. Jarmo was the oldest known permanent settlement, which it consist of crude mud houses, wheat grown from seed, herds of goats, sheep, and pigs. Their culture introduces irrigation, fine pottery permanent dwellings


"Writing invented by The Sumerians" 
The Sumerians at 4000 BC.  And at the first time in history, they made an urban area, developed sophisticated irrigation systems and created what was probably the first cereal agriculture as well as the earliest writing, The first democratic assemblies start there and it gives way to kingships. The Sumerians king may have had an edge on getting a "better deal", but it wasn't the law as it was in Egypt where the Pharaoh was the "living god" and as such, owned all things. Sumerians invented the wheel in 3700 BC. Sumerians developed a math system based on the numeral 60, which is the basis of time in the modern world. Sumerian society was "Matriarchal" and women had a highly respected place in society. 


"The Wheel invented by the Sumerians" 

Another important Sumerian legacy was the recording of literature, as the Poetry and epic literature. The most famous Sumerian epic and the one that has survived in the most nearly complete form is the epic of Gilgamesh, who was king of the city-state of Uruk in approximately 2700 BC, Land was cultivated, early calendars were used and the first written alphabet was invented here. Its bountiful land, fresh waters. Later the Sumerians would have to battle another people in Mesopotamia the Akkadians

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